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UPLOADS


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collections
108
texts
7
movies
3
audio
2
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images
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2019
2
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6
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3
2012
1
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hypertext
14
Ted Nelson
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Xanadu
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word processing
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ted nelson
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nelson, theodor holm
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theodor holm nelson
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internet archive
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edmund gale jewett
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ferguson, james, 1710-1776
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Title
Date Archived
Creator
Ted Nelson Archive
May 19, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This documents the houseboats of South Forty Pier,   in Sausalito, as they were in 1988. We start with the lovely boat I was renting,  in Berth 18 (greatly changed, it is now at the end  on Berth 20). My son Erik and I video the mud flats  and the other houseboats of the dock. The dock has been upgraded and gentrified  considerably since then. This is of particular interest to residents now.
Topics: houseboat, mud, anchor-out
Ted Nelson Archive
May 18, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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In 1966, I was assistant to the president of  Harcourt, Brace & World, a major publishing company. I reported directly to the president, who wanted to know  what technologies were coming along.  (My final report  to him is now published under the name "Media 72", available at Lulu.com. He asked me for a sample hypertext on the subject of "slavery in America", and this is what I wrote.  I do not know the precise date.
Topic: hypertext
Ted Nelson Archive
May 5, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
eye 2
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I think this was a second-grade composition,  asking what I wanted to be when I grew up. Er
Topics: invention, innovation
Ted Nelson Archive
Apr 27, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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While I was working for Lilly, in 1962 and 1963,  I photographed many daily pages of his Lab notebook.    This undeveloped film was just developed by Stanford,  55 years later, and came out very nicely. (Courtesy of Henry Lowood and Stanford University  for developing and scanning the film.) (The film opens with a shot of my film editing setup,  a logo I proposed for "Communication Research Institute")  an irrelevant title mentioning Frank Essapian,  and then the notebook...
Topics: dolphin, tursiops, brain
Ted Nelson Archive
Apr 13, 2019 Richard Stallman
texts
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Richard Stallman created important parts of today's software world--  the GNU operating system  (erroneously called "Linux" by many)  see  https://gnu.org/gnu/linux-and-gnu.html  and copyleft as a way of keeping software free.  See https://gnu.org/gnu/linux-and-gnu.html.  One of his reasons for doing this was that he didn't like    the secrecy of the Xanadu project (explained below). Making a his own Unix-like system was not, for him,  an end in itself.  It was a means to...
Topics: copyleft, free software
This is the earliest of my computer talks  presently available as a recording.   (Thanks to Henry Lowood and the Stanford Media Preservation Lab,  where the tape was reformatted and digitized.  The original audiotape and papers  that came with it are at Stanford.) The talk was at the RAND Corporation,  the celebrated (and controversial) think-tank in L.A. I talk about the coming world of universal computer screens  (a radical concept to computer people of that time)  and the ethics and...
Topic: freedom
Ted Nelson Archive
Apr 9, 2019 Theodor Holm
texts
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Theodor Holm, who raised his daughter Celeste Holm  and his grandson Theodor Holm Nelson,  here describes his own boyhood on the coast of Norway. It was a wonderful big family.   The author was the  youngest of eleven children. A photographic book of that family, in the 1890s,  is on the Archive, taken by a young man who would  later marry one of the daughters. https://archive.org/details/prestegardsminne00land The property on which they lived  is now called "Haa Gamle...
Topics: prestegaard, norway
Ted Nelson Archive
Apr 7, 2019 Edmund Gale Jewett
texts
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This is the mortgage taken out on the first parcel  of our family farm, Galeridge, in 1921. Not held by a bank but by an individual.
Topic: old-fashioned
Ted Nelson Archive
Apr 6, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This is the most sweeping statement of the ideals  behind the Xanadu project.
Topic: freedom
Ted Nelson Archive
Apr 6, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This letter to the editor corrects a writeup in New Scientist    that mis-stated hypertext  and my work on it at Brown University. A PDF of the original page is also enclosed.
Topics: media, perpetuity
Ted Nelson Archive
Apr 4, 2019 Ted Nelson
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A story written for my son.
Topic: children's stories
Ted Nelson Archive
Apr 3, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This begins an essay, now lost,  on what our computer screens would be like. Was I wrong?
Topics: computer graphics, interaction
Ted Nelson Archive
Apr 3, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This is a poem about the Carousel in Central Park,  which I have known and ridden  at different times in my life.
Topic: merry-go-round
Ted Nelson Archive: Audio Artifacts
Mar 31, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This is a conversation out the window  with bypassers Taylor Fogelquist and his wife Catherine Gray,  both very smart. What is at the center of the earth?  My hypothesis: a spinning ball of plasma,  which accounts for--   - the movement of the magnetic pole,   - the slowing of the earth's rotation,   - the magnetic flip recorded in rocks,   - veins of ore that give us gold, tin, uranium ...   - (and so-called "fossil fuels"). This is much more fully expounded in my 70th...
Topics: magnetic north, mineshaft, ore
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 30, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This is one of the Dr. Chalmers stories  I told (in this case wrote) to my son.
Topic: superhero
Ted Nelson Archive
texts
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This comic is both a satire on library automation  (as of 1977) and a plug for the Xanadu Stand. "A Dream for Irving Snerd" was published  in *Creative Computing* magazine, May-June issue, 1977. The satire is mostly in the titles of the  technical papers, which you have to read upside-down. But it's also an ad for the Xanadu Stand concept,  which I wanted to make the document repository of the future. A color photo of a model Xanadu Stand  (made with clay and pencils) is at...
Topics: satire, libraries, computers
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 27, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This is an application to patent the algorithms  of the Xanadu system, ca. 1973.  This is the one called Hypertyper,  under development with Cal Daniels. Not filed.  Too much happening.
Topics: hypertext, animation
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 27, 2019 Jean Parke Holm
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This is a novel my grandmother wrote in her eighties.  It was found and completed not long before she died,  circa 1972. The poetry is remarkable-- especially the poem at the end
Topic: medieval novel'
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 27, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This is a patent application for the system  I called Cinenym,  which would allow movie editing  attached to the script.  (Note that the pictures are in a separate PDF within this item.) This was before full pictorial display  was possible on computer screens,  so it was intended for use with a videotape controller. The graphical displays were limited to line drawing. However, the intent was to get a broader patent  through the claims, as is always done.
Topics: videotape, script display
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 27, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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I believe I was the first to invent movie editing  by computer;  my system was patent pending at the time,  but had to be abandoned in 1971   due to lack of funds. In this system the shots were tied to the script  rather than simply visual,  as in the later Avid and Final Cut systems  that later reached the market. This was a presentation to the Society of  Motion Picture and Television Engineers.
Topics: video, movies
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 27, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This is a brief description of the CGI system  I worked on for years  (see my book, "The Scene Machine")--  described in print for the 1968 meeting  of the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers. (It may have appeared in an earlier preprint.)
Topics: photorealism, scene simulation
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 27, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This describes the 1971 Xanadu design,  prior to redesign for Hypertyper with Cal Daniels Parallel streams,  "babbling through beds".
Topic: hypertext
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 27, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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How shall we visualize time?   (See end for MANY PAGES OF PICTURES.) Clocks and calendars, the usual graphics,  offer only a teeny part of the possibilities.  Spirals (of various kinds) allow visualization  and annotation of time at any resolution. (A partial implementation in VRML  by Kennichi Unnai is one of the illustrations.) This was a patent application,  to be paid for by someone else, a backer. The backer did not come through with the payment  and so no application was filed.
Topics: time, clock, calendar
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 27, 2019 Jean Parke Holm
texts
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These are reworked pencil drawings, done in the 1920s or 1930s,  of actor Fritz Leiber, a friend, in three roles--  KING LEAR, HAMLET and SHYLOCK. (1926, the date required by this format, is a guess.) The artist is my grandmother, Jean Parke Holm,  who raised both my me and my mother,  actress Celeste Holm. The reworked pencil drawing was her chosen medium.  However, she had done Vogue covers at the turn of the century. The originals are lost and these pictures are the best  I can find....
Topics: Hamlet, Shakespeare, Celeste Holm
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 24, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This expresses my love for the family farm,  Galeridge, where my mother and I both grew up. My great-grandparents, Edmund Gale Jewett  and Blanche Eugenie Jewett,  bought the first parcel in 1921. (Edmund has a number of publications  at the Internet Archive.)
Topics: countryside, New Jersey
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 24, 2019 Deborah Stone Nelson
texts
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Written in partial fulfillment  of a Master's degree  at the Bank Street College of Education.
Topics: education, poverty
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 24, 2019
texts
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I have been obsessed with schematic philosophy  since my 1958 paper "Schematics, Systematics, Normatics". (More on history below.) THIS IS THE BEST WRITEUP, just found.  It is dense but coherent and comprehensive  (except for a couple of key subjects, merely mentioned at the end). I express the hope of creating a "lingua franca"  for discussing ideas.    Not very likely but a grand scheme. This was written at Datapoint in San Antonio in December 1982.  (I worked on...
Topics: schematics, schematic philosophy, normatics, strategics, abstraction, description, representation
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 24, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This is a vocabulary of General Schematics  for the 1990 Hackers Conference,  and then updated. I had forgotten the much better one from 1982, https://archive.org/details/GeneralSchematicsIntroductionToTerminology1990
Topics: schematics, systematics, normatics
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 17, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This was a handout for a talk at Stanford  in Terry Winograd's class. It can be seen as a followup on my pieces  in Creative Computing-- https://archive.org/details/VIRTCrC1980/page/n6 It leads up the 1994 seminar book at https://archive.org/details/CinemaOfTheMindSeminarBook1994
Topics: interaction, user experience
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 16, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This book was the handout for Ted's seminar,  "Cinema of the Mind," in 1994  (handed out at U.B.C.) There has been no time or opportunity  to rewrite it since then,  though parts of it have been in  all of Ted's lectures. Ted's term, "virtuality"--   in its original sense, SEEMING--  is the central concept of the book. The breadth is challenging--  the design of structure,  the philosophy of ideas,  the strong resemblance to cinema,  and the need for a director.
Topics: software design, interaction, virtuality, UX
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 16, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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I took this picture of him by the barn door  when I was about 13. He liked to call it "Aged in the Wood."
Topics: science, poetry
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 16, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This is an outrageous application,  proposing to do research in display systems  (very rare at the time)   and "computers for the consumer market"--  which were 22 years away. Here is the key paragraph: "I am interested in doing design research in the next generation of computer software packaging: display systems, 'human engineering' of control systems, programed [sic] teaching, information retrieval, docking and contingency analysis, creative materials handing.  I would...
Topics: writing, screens, hypertext
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 16, 2019 Suzanne Northington
texts
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An astute article by Suzanne Northington,  San Francisco Focus, May 1989.
Topics: hypertext, Lee Felsenstein
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 16, 2019 The Economist
texts
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This show celebrates the anniversary of the Web,  but concentrates on what came before.   There's a nice interview with Ted Nelson in the middle,  and the interviewer urges us to watch "Xanadu Basics 1a." Then the show ends with:  "This idea of fusing story-telling with computers  affirms the vision of Ted Nelson  at the very beginning of on-line networking."
Topics: hypertext, parallel pages
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 13, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This was the announcement of my first lecture  on computers and hypertext, in January 1965,  when I was teaching sociology at Vassar College.   (The announcement is followed by a review of the talk  by student Lauren Wedeles.) Actually I wrote the announcement in December 1964  and sent it in for faculty approval. It will be seen that three people signed it,  I believe unchanged. The event was greatly anticipated.  The turnout was huge. Apparently it seemed too crazy.  Nobody on the...
Topics: hypertext, hypermedia, shunning
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 13, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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My great-grandfather, Edmund Gale Jewett,  was a science teacher, very reserved, with a white beard  when I knew him. (He also posed as Jesus for my grandmother, Jean Parke Holm;  those portraits are on the Internet Archive at https://archive.org/details/jeanparkeartistp00park/page/n13 ) The 1920 edition of his science book,  still very good, is available for download on the Internet Archive (Smith and Jewett, "An Introduction to the Study of Science").  He wrote a very moving...
Topics: lumber, science, Jewett family
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 13, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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When Marlene and I were married in 2012,  we honeymooned at Vision Quest Ranch,  where they had elephants. It was wonderful. Butch, shown in the picture, brought us breakfast  one day.  I believe he is smiling.
Topics: elephant, honeymoon, breakfast
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 13, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This is poster illustrates the software now called  Xanadu Classic,  and its unique addressing structure. Content, versions and links are all given addresses  within the tumbler addressing scheme. The system technicalities wore worked out  in the summer of 1979 by Ted Nelson's team--  Roger Gregory, Mark Miller, Stuart Green,  Roland King and Eric Hill. The story is explained in Nelson's book  "Literary Machines" (1982 et seq.) Video demonstrations may be seen on Youtube  in...
Topics: hypertext, versioning
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 12, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This is about realistic imaging,  and a hypothetical machine for doing it. I independently thought of ray-tracing in 1961,  and worked for years on my own approach--  not mathematical (I can't do math)  but SPATIAL, representing a 3D scene in terms  of triangles and search rays through the scene of triangles. (I thought of smoothing over triangles early--  it was published by others later.  It is now, of course, a standard method.) Hoping for patent rights,  I came up with a bizarre...
Topics: CGI, image sythesis, hybrid computing
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 12, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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A plan for world-wide unified document service,  sponsored by Autodesk.
Topics: hypertext, Xanadu
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 12, 2019 ted nelson
texts
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What others now call interaction design,  or user experience design, I call the design of virtuality. "Virtuality" has meant the seeming of things since  the 18th century, and even though others push it  to mean 3D, I stick with the old meaning.  (I earlier used the terms "splandremics" and "fantics",  but they didn't catch on.) When we design screenworlds,  and interactive applications,  we are designing imaginary worlds  and how to show and emphasize...
Topics: interaction, splandremics, fantics
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 12, 2019 Scott Warren
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This published description of the Smalltalk implementation  for the 8080 family of processors   was published by the ACM,  which probably made the author,  Scott Warren,  think he could distribute the software. He had another think coming-- see https://archive.org/details/RosettaBrochure
Topics: object-oriented, message-passing, computer language
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 12, 2019 Scott Warren
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Rosetta Smalltalk was a version of the Smalltalk language,  created by Scott Warren,  that almost got out to the public in 1979. See Warren's writeup for the ACM, included here.)   (The language was originally designed by Alan Kay) (Alan told me he liked it.)  But Rosetta Smalltalk was killed,  presumably by Adele Goldberg,  who was attempting to commercialize  her own version of Smalltalk.  ("I wish she'd just stop," Alan Kay told me.) It was to be a plug-in cartridge for the...
Topics: computer language, object-oriented, message-passing
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 12, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This hard-to-find article was published in Datamation,  15 Dec 1986.  Here is the only copy I could find,  unfortunately printed on fanfold,  so that some lines are cut off,  and with both sides scanned. It is of historical interest to some.
Topics: hypertext, files
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 12, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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The Human Awareness Institute,  which I sometimes call "my church",  is a supportive and wonderful environment  for relating to other people and finding your own truths. I am grateful for the love and kindness  I have felt from this group,  and very grateful to its late founder,  Stan Dale, for his personal help. When I joined in 1988 it was called  "The Stan Dale Sex Workshops,"  but it has changed a lot since then,  and there is still a lot of talk about sex  but...
Topics: love, kindness, human potential
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 11, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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(There is another, fiercer picture of Ted with the model  within this Internet Archive item.  These pictures may be re-used freely,  with attribution please.) Ted's plan in the 1970s for world electronic publishing  was to store content at "Xanadu stands",  which would deliver the content on request  through the network.  (There was no public network yet,  that was just ASSUMED.) The Xanadu stands would be franchised  like McDonald's stands, as a simple way  of financing...
Topics: ISP, storage services, hypertext, hypermedias
Ted Nelson Archive
audio
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Great Dildonics interview by Tracey Logan of BBC, 2012  (A condensed version of this interview was later broadcast on BBC,  saying Ted Nelson is "best known for dildonics" (????) http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00nrj4m  ) It sounds as if Tracey and Ted are in the same room,  but Tracey is in a studio in London,  and Ted is in a studio in Berkeley, California. Tracey was assigned to interview Ted about Dildonics,  but the conversation gets there slowly. First she raves about...
Topics: dildonics, sexual Turing test
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 10, 2019 Hannu Puttonen
texts
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(NOTE: Enclosed PDF tells the story in detail.) This radio play, produced in 1997,  is about Ted Nelson looking back from the year 2015,  and the immense impact that the Xanadu project  has had on the world.  (At least, according to the script.) However, this did not happen in 2015. The guy who plays Ted Nelson doesn't sound like Ted Nelson,  but the show sounds pretty interesting, even if you don't know Finnish.
Topics: hypertext, Kubla Khan
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 6, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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These are choice excerpts from many publications,  starting in 1985.
Topics: hypertext, usability
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 6, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This is a writeup of the 1971 Xanadu design  for connected parallel pages--  NOTE THE LAST PICTURE ON PAGE 4,  WITH CONNECTED PAGES ON THE SCREEN--  very different from what Xerox PARC  was designing at the time,  with no connections possible between pages. Connections between pages are STILL NOT POSSIBLE,  though clearly laid out here in 1971. (For more on this concept, please watch  "Xanadu Basics 1a", on Youtube.) = INTERNALS The internal mechanism used parallel streams of...
Topic: hypertext
Ted Nelson Archive
texts
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In 1989 I was asked to testify before Senator Gore's Internet committee.  This is the document I prepared. Semator Gore was trying to get funding for the Internet, and eventually succeeded.  (This somehow became the joke that Gore "claimed to have invented the Internet", when in fact he had gotten funding for it.) Senator Gore sat at a long table looking down at the audience, with others beside him.  When the session began, there was a TV crew. I believe Bob Kahn preceded me, then...
Topics: Internet, Senate, Al Gore
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 6, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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Ted Nelson's actual testimony (transcript) for the CONTU committee on copyright. This tells the plan for Xanadu publishing. There is an interesting exchange with author John Hersey,  author of the definitive book "Hiroshima".  We agree that future copyright is an exciting subject.
Topics: copyright, testimony
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 5, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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Satirical piece for "Artificial Intelligence" issue of  Creative Computing magazine. It is a flowchart that writes articles on how great  artificial intelligence is going to be. The publisher, Dave Ahl, was not amused;  turned out he wanted the issue to be how  WONDERFUL artificial intelligence was going to be. The piece did not run, even though I was the editor.  Dave Ahl did not like it.
Topics: artificial intelligence, AI, satire, David Ahl
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 5, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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This is the flowchart for the JOT system,  which I worked out with great care. It is not obvious that it works well  and intuitively.  See what Mark Miller  and Jonathan Post said about it. https://archive.org/details/TheFeelOfJot_201902 Here is a later version, which sometimes works,  runnable at the Internet archive. https://archive.org/details/jot_0.53_ted_nelson
Topics: JOT, word processing, interface
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 3, 2019 Edmund Gale Jewett
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LETTERS THEME MIND Essays on the subject of Mind,  written as letters to his great-grandson Ted Nelson  (away at college). Edmund Gale Jewett was a science teacher  (co-author of Smith and Jewett,  "Introduction to the Study of Science",  available on the Internet Archive) and a poet  (his book "Harvest of the Years",  available on the Internet Archive).
Topics: mind, consciousness, thought
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 2, 2019 Ted Nelson
image
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SCRAWLED PREDICTION ABOUT ON-LINE PUBLISHING, 1978 The scrawl indicates that I wrote it in bed,  in semi-darkness. It was a note for my CONTU preparations--  I was to speak before Senator Gore's committee on copyright.  And I expected Xanadu to be the great publishing repository. In case you can't read it, it says:  PAPER PUBLISHING  WILL BEGIN  TO DIMINISH  IN FAVOR  OF ELECTRONIC  PUBLISHING   IN TWO  OR THREE  YEARS. What is interesting about this note is the date, 13 Feb 1978,...
Topics: online publishing, network publishing, repository publishing
Ted Nelson Archive
Feb 27, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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Mark Miller and Jonathan Post testify  as to the ease of use of the JOT interface,  which they found hard to understand. JOT (variously described, and runnable, at the Internet Archive),  was a text interface I designed long before  personal computers and word processing were available. While the flowchart was very complex--  see xanadu.com/lollipop.png  the feel was just as smooth as I intended. Mark and Jonathan still don't quite know why.  It's because I worked backward from the feel...
Topics: word processing, Mark S. Miller, Mark Samuel Miller, Jon Post, Jonathan vos Post
Ted Nelson Archive
Feb 26, 2019 Ted Nelson
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JOT is a text interface, intended for untrained users, designed circa 1971, long before word processing reached the public.  Because our project lost its funding, our system did not get out..  (See writeup in my autobiography POSSIPLEX.) This is a pocket card for a later version of JOT by Steve Witham. Steve's version of JOT is set up to run at the Internet Archive,   at https://archive.org/details/jot_0.53_ted_nelson  (Sometimes it works, sometimes it doesn't,  depending on Archive...
Topics: word processing, text systems
Ted Nelson Archive
Feb 26, 2019 Ted Nelson
movies
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Xanadu was a real place, discussed below.  We think we found the actual location, discussed below,  except that those Googlemap coordinates  seem to be broken. Also enclosed is a screenshot of the area surrounding.  To see those surroundings, go to "Show All"  on the right of this page,  then open "Googlemap.png". We could probably could get a better view on Google earth, now. === From: Ted Nelson  Date: Mon, Jul 21, 2008 at 1:47 PM Subject: The original Xanadu, seen...
Topics: the original Xanadu palace grounds, Coleridge, Kublai Khan
Ted Nelson Archive
Feb 26, 2019 Ted Nelson
texts
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Note that this preceded the era of personal computing and word processing by at least six years. The title, CREXS, stood for "Condensed and Radically Emphatic Xanadu Spec."   This spec was prepared for a meeting with Nat Kuhn*, a member of the R.E.S.I.S.T.O.R.S. computer club (all the kids in it were brilliant).  The words "Radically Emphatic" were the first two words that R.E.S.I.S.T.O.R.S. stood for. Nat was twelve years old, but I considered him in some ways an...
Topics: R.E.S.I.S.T.O.R.S. computer club, Nat Kuhn, Nathaniel Kuhn, Thomas Kuhn, Lauren Sarno
Ted Nelson Archive
Feb 26, 2019 Ted Nelson
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This is perhaps the earliest spec for the JOT interface, intended to allow editing of large documents using a printing terminal. JOT was Ted Nelson's trademark, standing for "Juggler of Text", both names later being stolen by others).  EVERYONE IS SURPRISED AT HOW EASY IT IS.  (See remarks by Miller and Post, below.) The JOT design preceded what we think of as "ordinary" word processing-- it was for a printing teletype, and later for keyscopes with no pointing device. TRY...
Topics: text, word processing, Mark S. Miller, Jonathan vos Post, Cal Daniels
Ted Nelson Archive
Feb 24, 2019 Edmund Gale Jewett
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My great-grandfather, Edmund Gale Jewett, was a science teacher and a poet. My great-grandmother, Blanche Eugenie Newell, had died several months before.  As the leaves fell in November, he felt moved to write this poem on a fallen leaf.  Over sixty years later, it is no longer readable and crumbling. "Jean + Teddy" are Mr. and Mrs. Theodor Holm, my grandparents, to whom he addressed this poem. Here is the text: Nov 6 1953 Jean + Teddy  I have just returned from a walk....
Topics: Poetry, nature, death
WT Pasteup - Circa 1962
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Feb 15, 2019
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Ted Nelson Archive
Feb 11, 2019 Theodor Holm Nelson
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(Referring to the enclosed .pdf file.) This was in the Swarthmore Alumni Bulletin, December 1970. Note that it was published before ANY personal computers became available. It is a declaration of the great computer systems I thought I was going to do--  - Xanadu hypertext, with visible connections.  (I believe the illustration was the first publication explicitly showing visible connections between pages on a computer screen.)  - CGI-- the system I called Fantasm, which I worked on for a...
Topics: hypertext, CGI, image synthesis, movie editing, personal computing, Ted Nelson, movie editing,...
Ted Nelson Archive
Feb 2, 2019 Theodor Holm Nelson
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1972-- FIRST SIMULATION OF PARALLEL HYPERTEXT WITH VISIBLE CONNECTIONS.   Parallel pages on the screen, with visible connections, is a central idea in my work.  (We may call such pages "parallel hypertext"; Jason Scott has kindly suggested calling such pages "Nelson documents".) (Included: PDF of the article with pictures; vertical picture as separate .jpeg.) This 1972 article, with two photographs of a simulated interactive screen, is the first publication that made the...
Topics: parallel pages, visible connections, visible connection between pages, icon, interaction, text,...
Ted Nelson Archive
Jan 6, 2019 Theodor Holm Nelson
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This summarizes the Biostatus hypothesis,  a unifying theory of "morale"-- in its usual sense  of how effective you are and how good you feel,  which are deeply linked. The biostatus hypothesis is that our  effectiveness and exuberance constitute  a unified system, present at least in all mammals,  Biostatus is an internal counterpart to the status system--  an evolved system of evaluation and reward. There are probably no crucial experiments  to prove or disprove this...
Topics: psychology, biostrategy, polymind, multi-mind, gene benefit, Dawkins, selfish gene, effectiveness,...
Ted Nelson Archive
Jan 4, 2019 Allan Calhamer (curated by Ted Nelson)
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My friend Allan Calhamer is best known for  the game of "Diplomacy", which is widely discussed--  an electrifying combat in which you must lie  and break promises to win-- although the rules  don't say so, you learn quickly. Much less known is this game of Hyper-Space.  In this package are everything you need to make  your own set (scans of the pieces  and pictures of the board),  directions and photographs of the stages of play. Unfortunately the videos open first  and you...
Topics: board game, diplomacy
Ted Nelson Archive
Dec 2, 2018 Ted Nelson
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Article from  Datamation , March 1982, summarizing Ted's ideas of hypertext-- especially transclusion (live quotation), automatic royalty, and parallel connected pages.
Topics: hypertext, transclusion, micropayment, parallel pages
Ted Nelson Archive
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The New York Times requested this piece in 2011 for a special multi-author issue about the future.  They then cut it to a few paragraphs, gutted the style and the cynicism, and MADE AN INCORRECT CHANGE-- I said we were running out of Internet addresses (true); they changed it to running out of Web addresses (false). When I yelled, they changed it in the on-line version, but the print version had me stating an untruth. The Times' version is lousy.  My original is still surprisingly relevant.
Topics: New York Times, futuristics, Google, PUI, World Wide Web, Iphone, Ipad, IP address, future computing
Ted Nelson Archive
Dec 2, 2018 Union Theological Seminar
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The annual Auburn Lectures at the Union Theological Seminary, New York City, were given in 1968 by Kenneth Boulding and Theodor H. Nelson.
Topics: Love, God, Communication, Presentational Technology, Fantics
Ted Nelson Archive
Dec 2, 2018 Ted Nelson
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"How To Be A Department Store Santa Claus," written under contract for the CBS Laboratories AVS-10 instructional device, 1969.
Topics: Santa Claus, industrial training, multimedia, audio-visual
Osmic Workshops
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Nov 2, 2018
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OSMIC stood for "Open Structure for Media InterConnection." These were discussion seminars held at Keio University  between Ted Nelson and various students.
Ted Nelson Archive
Oct 26, 2018 Ted Nelson
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This is a sketch I made in January, 1961 for the word-processing parlor I wanted to open. I imagined that professors and students would come here to revise their work. It would be fifteen years until personal computers became available.
Topics: Harvard, word processing, personal computing
Ted Nelson Archive
Oct 26, 2018 Ted Nelson
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The First Xanadu Proposal, 1966 This is historically interesting on a number of levels--  about hypertext, word processing, Xanadu,  and personal computing-- twenty years  before the personal computer. The paper was a proposal to Bill Jovanovich, my boss--  he and I had gone together to see Engelbart.  Engelbart was wonderful, and I was converted to the mouse,  but the other ideas here were my own.  And this may be the first description ever  of an easy-to-use word processor,  though...
Topics: hypertext, word processing, Engelbart, Xanadu
Ted Nelson Archive
Oct 26, 2018 Ted Nelson
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Somehow I was selected as a major American bachelor and enumerated in this 1982 book.  Correspondence in those days was by paper mail, and I tried to make my piece humorous.  The author, Celeste Fremon, unfortunately misprinted, from what I sent her, the word "psychically" as "physically", which lowered matters considerably.  Still, she went along with the humor to the end.
Topics: Bachelor, Humor, Group Sex
Ted Nelson Archive
Oct 17, 2018 Paul Krassner
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Ted Nelson Archive
Aug 29, 2018 Theodor Nelson
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This paper expands on the classic article "As We Will Think" by Vannevar Bush (1945), which inspired Doug Engelbart as well as Ted Nelson.  What kind of hypertext did Bush foresee?  And what kind do we need? The Brunel version showed parallel pages (the "Parallel Textface"), but it is not shown here.  Another version at the Archive DOES have the parallel illustrations at the end-- https://archive.org/details/AsWeWillThink1972WithParallelPix The original was presented to...
Topics: Vannevar Bush, Ted Nelson, hypertext, links, trails
Ted Nelson Archive
May 13, 2018 Ted Nelson (designer), Rob Smith (programmer)
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© copyright 2007,2018 Hypercoin LLC.  All rights reserved. USE AT YOUR OWN RISK!  We have encountered no problems  but give no assurance of safety,  functionality or fitness of purpose.  FOR DEMONSTRATION ONLY. Directions may be found below. This is the best demo of Xanadu®  literary concepts-- parallel pages, visibly connected. May be seen running in various places--  - Ted's recent video on visible connection https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hMKy52Intac  - Werner Herzog's film...
Topics: literature, parallel pages, hypertext, Xanadu
Ted Nelson Archive
Apr 9, 2018 Ted Nelson, Producer
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CLASSIC XANADU WITH PYXI INTERFACE,  showing the Declaration of Independence. (Classical Xanadu by Roger Gregory, Mark Miller,  Stuart Green, Roland King and Eric Hill.  PYXI (PYthon Xanadu Interface) by Ka-Ping Yee.) Open-sourced at udanax.xanadu.com/green/index.html === HOW TO OPEN THE DEMO WITH VMWARE FUSION It might open in some other system,  such as VirtualBox, but in that case  you're on your own. Open the zip file.  You will get    PING.BKP.pyxiubuntuvmware.vmwarevm Open this...
Topics: Xanadu, PYXI, Ted Nelson
Ted Nelson Archive
Mar 1, 2018 Ferguson, James, 1710-1776; Horrocks, Jeremiah, 1617?-1641
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Beautiful, remarkable fold-out illustrations  of the book "Astronomy Explained" by Ferguson, 1794. The text of the book, with these illustrations  only partially scanned, is at archive.org/details/astronomyexplain01ferg
Topics: Astronomy, Astronomy
Osmic Workshops
Mar 1, 2018 Nelson, Theodor Holm
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Osmic Workshops
Feb 27, 2018 Nelson, Theodor Holm
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Session #1 Session #2 notes missing Session #3 Session #4 Session #5 Session #6 Session #7 Session #7, cont. Session #8 Session #9
Osmic Workshops
Feb 27, 2018 Nelson, Theodor Holm
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Session #1 Session #2 notes missing Session #3 Session #4 Session #5 Session #6 Session #7 Session #7, cont. Session #8 Session #9
Osmic Workshops
Feb 27, 2018 Nelson, Theodor Holm
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Session #1 Session #2 notes missing Session #3 Session #4 Session #5 Session #6 Session #7 Session #7, cont. Session #8 Session #9
Osmic Workshops
Feb 27, 2018 Nelson, Theodor Holm
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Session #1 Session #2 notes missing Session #3 Session #4 Session #5 Session #6 Session #7 Session #7, cont. Session #8 Session #9
Osmic Workshops
Feb 27, 2018 Nelson, Theodor Holm
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Osmic Workshops
Feb 27, 2018 Nelson, Theodor Holm
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Session #1 Session #2 notes missing Session #3 Session #4 Session #5 Session #6 Session #7 Session #7, cont. Session #8 Session #9
Osmic Workshops
Feb 27, 2018 Nelson, Theodor Holm
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Session #1 Session #2 notes missing Session #3 Session #4 Session #5 Session #6 Session #7 Session #7, cont. Session #8 Session #9
Osmic Workshops
Feb 27, 2018 Nelson, Theodor Holm
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Osmic Workshops
Feb 27, 2018 Nelson, Theodor Holm
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Session #1 Session #2 notes missing Session #3 Session #4 Session #5 Session #6 Session #7 Session #7, cont. Session #8 Session #9
Osmic Workshops
Feb 27, 2018 Nelson, Theodor Holm
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Session #1 Session #2 notes missing Session #3 Session #4 Session #5 Session #6 Session #7 Session #7, cont. Session #8 Session #9
Osmic Workshops
Feb 27, 2018 Nelson, Theodor Holm
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Session #1 Session #2 notes missing Session #3 Session #4 Session #5 Session #6 Session #7 Session #7, cont. Session #8 Session #9
Ted Nelson Archive
Feb 27, 2018 Nelson, Theodor Holm
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First meeting
Ted Nelson Archive
Feb 27, 2018 Stanford University Symposium
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Ted Nelson Archive
Feb 26, 2018 Landstad, John, 1870-1954; Hå kommune (Norway)
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This is a collection of photographs of the Holm family,  living in the parsonage (Prestegaard) at Haa, on the western  coast of Norway. They were taken in the 1890s by John Landstadt,  an early candid photographer,   who married one of the minister's daughters. Karenos Theodor Holm was the minister.  He and his wife Cecilie had eleven children. Theodor Holm, the youngest,  migrated to the United States  and became the father of actress Celeste Holm  and the grandfather who raised Ted...
Topics: Norway, gamle prestegaard, Theodor Holm, Danckert Holm, Danckert Krohn-Holm, Norwegian folk...
Topic: Astronomy
Ted Nelson Archive
Jan 16, 2018 Theodor Holm Nelson
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TED NELSON'S PUBLISHED PAPERS ON COMPUTERS AND INTERACTION, 1965 to 1977.   The pages are numbered in the order in which I was able to find the articles, when I hurriedly published them (by Xerox copier) in 1977. It was this book that persuaded John Walker, founder of Autodesk, to back the Xanadu® project in 1988. The illustrations in "New Media and Creative Facilities" (pp. 5-7), are of particular interest.  This large leaflet (on 11x17 paper) was printed around 1965, when I was...
Topics: Ted Nelson, hypertext, hypermedia, stretchtext, Xanadu, electronic publishing, interaction,...
Ted Nelson Archive
Jan 16, 2018 Theodor Holm Nelson
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Essay answering Brewster Kahle about the origin of my hypertext ideas.
Topics: hypertext, Ted Nelson, Xanadu, Literary Machines, Memex, Writing, Rearrangement, Vassar College,...
Ted Nelson Archive
Dec 13, 2017 Andrew Pollack
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Two men, Two Visions of One Computer World, Indivisble
Topics: Ted Nelson, Xanadu, Engelbart, hypertext, NLS